Plaque builds up on the dental surfaces that are hard to access or in case of using improper brushing technique. When exposed to gingival pocket fluid, the plaque begins to harden or mineralize. Formed calculus grows deeper towards root apex, causing gingivitis and destruction of bone tissue. Periodontal pockets form at the places where bone has been destroyed, thus creating favourable environment for bacterial growth. This leads to gingival bleeding, swelling, redness, and bad breath. Read more “Gum Treatment“.
Calculus is removed by using special scaling or ultrasonic instrument. If necessary, dental surfaces and exposed necks of teeth are polished with special paste to ensure smooth surface that prevents bacteria from attaching to these surfaces.
Read more “Smile Packages“.