Gum treatment or periodontics.
Bacteria present on tooth surface and gingival pockets cause gingivitis, resulting in bleeding, swelling of gums and abscesses. Bacteria destroy the periodontal tissue that holds the tooth in alveolus or ligaments, as a result of which tooth starts to move in its socket.
Gingivitis may also aggravate another general disease the patient is currently suffering from.
In order to find out the type of bacteria and suitable antibiotics, a bacterial culture is taken from the alveoli and sent to the lab.
All old fillings and crowns must be examined to avoid any inaccurate edges or surfaces that may allow bacterial growth.
After removing the plaque and calculus, it is crucial to follow proper oral hygiene: correct brushing method, flossing and using mouthwash.